Lim Yao Jie

Lim Yao Jie

Devise JWT with Sessions Hybrid

So here's the deal: we wanted to create a shared authentication platform with Devise for both API and non-API (vanilla website) usage. For the API, we needed a jwt implementation, so:

gem install devise-jwt

Update devise.rb for devise-jwt. Basically just follow their README and update accordingly.

config.jwt do |jwt| jwt.secret = Rails.application.credentials.jwt_key_base jwt.expiration_time = 1.hour.to_i jwt.request_formats = { user: [:json] } jwt.dispatch_requests = [ ['POST', %r{^/api/v1/auth/sign_in$}] ] jwt.revocation_requests = [ ['DELETE', %r{^/api/v1/auth/sign_out$}] ] end

Update routes..

namespace :api do namespace :v1 do devise_scope :user do post 'auth/sign_in', to: 'sessions#create' delete 'auth/sign_out', to: 'sessions#destroy' end end end

Update Api::V1::SessionsController. We needed to return extra information on successful login, so we overrode the respond_with method as well.

class Api::V1::SessionsController < Devise::SessionsController protect_from_forgery prepend: true skip_before_action :verify_authenticity_token respond_to :json private def respond_with(resource, _opts = {}) if && resource.type render json: { data: { email:, type: resource.type.downcase } } else head :unauthorized end end def respond_to_on_destroy head :ok end end

Here comes the ceveat!

We had to either disable session_storage or database_authenticatable, which were not very feasible options if we were to also allow session-based logins for the website.

  1. Disabling session_storage would allow JWT to not persist sessions even when no Authorization headers are passed, but would also remove the probability of sessions altogether.
  2. Disabling database_authenticatable would make the Users not have a email/password login functionality, which defeats the purpose.

(BTW the code mentioned in this medium article does not actually work if your session happens to persist from the same origin as the author did not disable session_storage.)

After spending a few hours scouring the source code (sparing you the trial-and-error details), I managed to have a hybrid authentication system by monkeypatching Warden's Proxy class:

module Warden class Proxy def user(argument = {}) ... user = request.original_fullpath.starts_with?("/api/v1") ? nil : session_serializer.fetch(scope) ... end end end end

Doing this allowed Warden to bypass the session searching for API requests, therefore honoring the Authorization: Bearer tokens, while also retaining the use of CookieStore for session management on the website!

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